For example, in the UK, entire campaigns have been organised with the aim of voting against the Conservative Party by voting either Labour or Liberal Democratdepending on which is seen as best placed to win in each locality.
Whenever you make a point in the exam you must immediately support it with detail; if you do not you will not be given marks for it. Politicians serve their constituents not by thinking for themselves as in the trusteeship model or being delegates doing what their constituents wishbut by remaining loyal to their party and its policies.
With the supplementary vote, there are two columns on the ballot paper — one for the first choice and one for the second choice.
This gives the electorate a guide when it comes to voting. An important feature of STV is that voters can choose between candidates both of their own and of other parties, and can even select candidates for reasons other than party affiliation.
Advantages of coalition government continued. Others have stated that the commitment to PR for the Scottish Parliament can be traced back to the convention on the proposed new assembly ina time when Labour were worried they could never win another election under FPTP.
Consensual politics is better because there are fewer radical policy swings following elections. With closed party lists, voters have little or no effective choice over candidates, they only get control over which party is in government, but with no control over the members of that government.
However, the system of AMS has the disadvantage of the amount of votes not requiring a majority to get into government. AMS would give people the government they wanted, keeping the link between MPs and voters as well as giving some value to all votes, via the additional members.
Conclusively, the electoral systems become effective as the advantages are relative to each system and location. List of current FPTP countries[ edit ] The following is a list of countries currently following the first-past-the-post voting system for their national legislatures. Keeping MPs linked to the people who voted for them.
This not only produces instability but it is also undemocratic because smaller parties in the coalition can exert far more influence than their support in the society as a whole warrants.
Effectively, this gives the best element of representation to smaller parties which could effectively be wiped out by the FPTP system alone Green Party in Scotland and rely on Regional List solely to get seats. Leave nothing to chance, therefore, in your explanations.
If we include those who did not vote also, a representative may have been elected by a very small percentage of the electorate. In the Labour Party set up the Plant Commission to review the election system, and it reported back with the recommendation that first past the post be scrapped, though the panel stopped short of proposing a move to a proportional system.
Without this perfect system, officials are likely to be able to avoid accountability mechanisms that should be built into the democratic system.
c) Assess the criticisms of the various electoral systems used in the UK. (25 Marks) c) Make out a case in favour of the introduction of proportional representation for Westminster elections.
Assess the criticisms of the various electoral systems used in the UK.
There are a number of criticisms which can be made against the various electoral systems which are used in the UK and the most common one is probably The first past the post system (FPTP).
Jan 26, · Assess the advantages of the various electoral systems used in the UK. (25) The electoral systems used across the UK help enhance representation in the. There are numerous widespread criticisms of electoral systems in the UK, such as some systems such as FPTP and AV’s clear disproportionality and voter wastage, as well as the tendency towards a two party system which give the established parties too much power.
Criticisms of electoral politics range from cons of specific electoral mechanisms such as legislating by elected officials, initiative, referendum and recall to theoretical opposition to voting.
These criticisms are relevant to discussions around electoral reform in both democratizing countries in the less developed world as well as most developed. There are numerous widespread criticisms of electoral systems in the UK, such as some systems such as FPTP and AV’s clear disproportionality and voter wastage, as well as the tendency towards a two party system which give the established parties too much power.Criticisms of various electoral systems in